Amla is biologically known as Phyllanthus emblica. Amla consists of the dried and fresh fruits of the plant, Emblica officinalis, that belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae.
Amla is a small or medium tree that grows in decidious forests of India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar.
Amla in other languages: Synonyms of Amla:
Amla is commonly known as Emblica, Amalki, Indian Gooseberry, Emblic, Emblic myrobalan, Malacca tree and the variants in spelling Aola, Ammalaki, Aamvala, Aawallaa, Dharty, Nillika, and Nellikya.
- Sanskrit – Amalaki
- English – Emblic-myrobalan
- Arabic – Amlag
- Bengali – Amla, Amloki
- French – Eblique officinale
- German – Grave myrobalane
- Gujarati – Ambala, Anvala, Aamla
- Hindi – Aamla, Amlika, Aonla
- Italian – Embelica
- Kannada – Amalaka, Nelli, Nellikkai
- Malayalam – Nelli, Nellikka
- Marathi – Aavalaa
- Oriyan – Aunla, Amla
- Tamil – Nellikkai
- Telugu – Usirikai, Usiri
- Turkish – Amlac
- Konkani – Avaalo
- Mizo – Sunhlu
- Nepali – Amala
- Assamese – Amlakhi
- Punjabi – Aula
- Manipuri – Heikru
- Khasi – Sohmylleng
- Sinhala – Nelli
- Lao – Mak Kham Bom
- Thai – Ma kham pom
- Chinese – Anmole
- Tibetan – Skyu ru ra
- Malay – Melaka
- Myanmar – Zee phyu thee
Chemical Constituents of Amla:
Amla constitutes of chemicals like natural vitamin C, fat, phyllembin and tannins.
Minerals like iron, calcium and phosphorous are also present in amla. Pectin is also present in amla fruits. As the fresh fruits contain more amount of moisture, they are to be dried and stored.
Medicinal Uses of Amla and Health Benefits:
Amla is widely used in the Indian medicine since long time due to its natural medicinal uses and health benefits.
- Amla has an acrid (strong) taste and smell.
- Amla has diuretic properties.
- Amla is used as a laxative.
- Amla can be used as a refrigerant.
- Dried amla fruits can be used for treating diarrhoea and dysentry.
- Amla can be administered in dyspepsia and jaundice.
- Amla can be administered in anaemia along with iron compounds.
- Amla fruits are used in the preparation of shampoos, hair oils like (Dabur Amla Hair oil) and inks.
- Amla is used in the preparation of henna as they promote hair growth.
- Seeds of amla can be used in the treatment of bronchitis and asthma.
- Amla has anti-viral properties.
- The leaves of amla tree are used as fodder.
- Amla is one of the ingredient of Chyawanprash and Triphala.
- Amla fruits have anti-aging property due to the presence of ascorbic acid.
- Amla has anti-oxidant properties and shows synergism along with vitamin E.
- Amla helps in delaying aging and keeps you young, as the vitamin C present in amla acts as a scavenger of free radicals.